Peridot is a gemstone that is known for its vibrant green colour. It belongs to the olivine mineral group and is formed deep within the Earth's mantle. The name "peridot" is derived from the French word "peritot," meaning "unclear," due to its occasionally cloudy appearance. In UK English, it is pronounced as "per-i-dot."
Peridot has been treasured for thousands of years and has a rich history. It was highly regarded by ancient Egyptians, who believed that it protected against evil spirits and brought good luck. Cleopatra was said to have been fond of peridot and wore it as an adornment.
The gemstone is typically found in volcanic rocks, and major deposits are found in countries such as Egypt, Myanmar, Pakistan, and the United States. The most prized peridots exhibit a vivid green hue with a slight hint of yellow. The intensity of the colour depends on the amount of iron present in the crystal structure.
Peridot is often associated with positive attributes such as healing, renewal, and vitality. It is believed to bring peace and balance to the wearer, promoting emotional well-being and reducing stress. Some people also consider it a stone of abundance and prosperity, attracting wealth and good fortune.
In terms of physical properties, peridot has a hardness of 6.5 to 7 on the Mohs scale, making it relatively durable for everyday wear. However, it is important to handle peridot with care as it can be sensitive to rapid temperature changes and should be protected from harsh chemicals.
Peridot is a popular gemstone choice for jewellery, including rings, necklaces, earrings, and bracelets. It is especially sought after by those who appreciate its unique and vibrant green colour. When worn as jewellery, peridot adds a touch of natural beauty and elegance to any outfit.
In summary, peridot is a stunning green gemstone that has captivated people throughout history. With its positive associations and distinctive appearance, it continues to be cherished and enjoyed by individuals who appreciate its beauty and symbolism.